Infertility is the inability to reproduce and in humans is defined as the inability to get pregnant after 12 months of trying (having unprotected sexual intercourse) involving male and female partners. Many misconceptions have conceptualized throughout the years and in this article, we will highlight but a few. For any questions concerning your reproductive health feel free to contact using our email or direct portal.
Below are some of those myths and misconceptions:
- ‘Females are greatly responsible for infertility problems’ – The truth is that only a third of the time the reason for infertility lies with the woman. Men are responsible for another third. While combined factors are responsible for the last third. So male infertility, although less talked about, may be the reason why couples cannot become parents and should be considered in those who are unsuccessful in conceiving a child despite trying for a prolonged period of time.
- ‘Age does not play a role in fertility’ – The truth of the matter is that age plays a major role in fertility in both men and women. For both sexes, fertility decreases as you get older. In men, semen quality decreases as one age. Sperm counts and quality also have been shown to decrease. For women, they are born with a limited number of ovules that go on to become ova, and with age, their number and quality decreases. Menopause usually occurs at 45-55 years of age (some earlier 30-40, while other later at 60) but age-related changes have been documented at around 27 years of age, though to a negligible degree. This proving that age is a factor when it comes to reasons behind infertility.
- ‘Infertility means you cannot get pregnant’ – With advances in scientific knowledge and in the medical field as a whole, many treatment modalities are available for those who may have lost hope in being able to become parents. The treatment and management strategies vary in accordance to the causative factors. So from simple lifestyle changes to assisted reproduction techniques, hormonal therapies and surgical management. All these and many more treatment options are available and consultations with our specialists may be sought.
- ‘If you have sex a few times a month you should get pregnant’ – Ovulation (release of the female egg) happens at around the 14th day after the first day of the last period in a woman with a 28-day menstrual cycle. During this period the uterus undergoes adaptive changes for implantation and the cervical mucus becomes thinner, allowing sperm to swim in with ease and also fertilization to occur more readily. This does not mean that a couple should wait for exactly the 14th day to copulate. Sperm has been shown to be quite resilient and is able to survive for a maximum of 5 days in a female’s reproductive system. Thus for optimizing chances, having sexual intercourse every 2-3 days throughout the month is advisable.
- ‘Infertility unrelated to lifestyle’ – Data shows that women who are obese or severely underweight have greater difficulty when it comes to fertility. Therefore, it is recommended to maintain a BMI that is ideal and keep away from risk factors and unhealthy lifestyle habits that are detrimental to health. Click on the link below for more information on infertility and lifestyle links. https://americanaestheticclinics.com/can-lifestyle-changes-improve-my-fertility/